The CSLF Technical Group is composed of world-class experts in the areas of carbon dioxide (CO2) capture, CO2 storage, CO2 enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR), and other forms of CO2 utilization. It has been active, via task forces and working groups, in many areas related to carbon capture and storage (CCS).
The Technical Group is responsible for carrying out the following functions of the CSLF:
- Identify key technical, economic, environmental, and other issues related to the achievement of improved technological capacity
- Identify potential areas of multilateral collaboration on carbon capture, transport, and storage technologies
- Foster collaborative research, development, and demonstration projects reflecting Members’ priorities
- Assess regularly the progress of collaborative projects and make recommendations to the Policy Group on the direction of such projects
- Establish and regularly assess an inventory of the potential areas of needed research
- Facilitate technical collaboration with all sectors of the international research community, academia, industry, government, and non-governmental organizations
- Consider approaches to address issues associated with the above functions
The Technical Group will also carry out the following:
- Recommend collaborative projects to the Policy Group
- Set up and keep procedures to review the progress of collaborative projects
- Follow the instructions and guidance of the Policy Group on required tasks and initiatives to be undertaken
As part of its mission under the CSLF Charter to “identify promising directions for research,” the CSLF Technical Group has produced the CSLF Technology Roadmap to describe possible routes to future CO2 capture, transport, and storage needs. The Roadmap indicates areas in which the CSLF can add value through international collaborative effort.
CSLF Technical Group Activities
At the CSLF Ministerial in 2015 and the CSLF Annual Meeting in 2016, the CSLF Technical Group formed new task forces to pursue four new area of work: offshore CO2-EOR, bioenergy with CCS, improved pore space utilization, and industrial CCS.
Adoption of offshore CO2-EOR has been limited, with only one large-scale project in Brazil underway. To position the CSLF better to encourage its members to implement offshore CO2-EOR technologies, this task force will summarize the current state of the technologies involved, including the additional monitoring techniques that may be applied for offshore CO2-EOR.
Bioenergy with CCS
Biomass power generation or biomass to fuels has the potential for negative carbon emissions when combined with CCS. This task force will look at the current global status of biomass applications and the potential application of CCS and technology gaps or challenges.
Improved Pore Space Utilization
With the straightforward manner of CO2 injection, in particular for saline formations, a large portion of available pore space in a geological storage site is bypassed. Improving pore space utilization may be beneficial in terms of increased storage capacity, reduced monitoring costs, and increased ability for “hub” style storage operations. This task force will investigate the various published options and review the effectiveness and readiness of these techniques to improve the pore space utilization. The result will be a set of options for stakeholders to develop into their storage projects.
Industries such as biofuels, refineries, cement, chemicals production, and waste-to-energy are strong possibilities for early adoption of CCS. This task force will examine the potential for CCS for industrial applications, in particular from the perspective of use of 2nd and 3rd generation CO2 capture technologies. The task force will assess which of these have potential and any specific challenges.
In addition to the four new areas of work mentioned above, the CSLF Technical Group manages and executes efforts under the CSLF Project Interaction and Review Team (PIRT).
Project Interaction and Review Team
The CSLF PIRT has the main responsibility of engaging sponsors of CCS projects. Learnings from these projects are key elements for knowledge sharing, which will ultimately assist in the acceleration of the deployment of CCS technologies. PIRT responsibilities include the following:
- Assessing projects proposed for recognition by the CSLF and making recommendations to the Technical Group on whether a project should be accepted for recognition by the CSLF
- Reviewing the CSLF project portfolio; identifying synergies, complementarities, and gaps; and providing feedback to the Technical Group
- Providing input for further revisions of the CSLF Technology Roadmap and responding to the recommended priority actions identified in the Roadmap
- Identifying where it would be appropriate to have CSLF recognized projects
- Fostering enhanced international collaboration for CSLF projects
- Ensuring a framework for periodically reporting to the Technical Group on the progress made on CSLF projects
- Organizing periodic events to facilitate the exchange of experience and views on issues of common interest among CSLF projects and providing feedback to the CSLF
- Managing technical knowledge sharing activities with other organizations and with CSLF-recognized projects