2019 TECHNICAL GROUP ANNUAL MEETING
Key Point of Contact: Almut Fischer, German Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy
In 2010, the German government established a target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80%–95% compared to 1990 levels. The government has reaffirmed this long-term target and, in pursuing it, will make an appropriate contribution to implementing Germany’s commitment in support of the Paris Agreement. Germany seeks to help achieve the Paris Agreement goal of achieving global greenhouse gas neutrality in the second half of the century.
Germany implemented the European Directive on the geological storage of carbon dioxide (2009/31/EC) in 2012. The German legislation is limited to the testing and demonstration of carbon capture and storage (CCS). Applications for industrial-size storage projects were not submitted on the timeline required by the federal CCS demonstration law (Kohlendioxid-Speicherungsgesetz).
According to German Climate Action Plan 2050, the future use of permanent carbon dioxide (CO2) storage must be considered in regard to process-related emissions from industry.
Germany continues research and development on carbon capture technology and CO2 utilization.
Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum
Member since 2009
Clean Energy Ministerial
Member since 2010
Member since 2016
International Energy Agency
Projects in Germany include pilot plants that capture carbon dioxide (CO2) from flue gas streams of fossil-fueled power plants using amine scrubbing (e.g., Siemens/E.ON’s Power Station Staudinger/Großkrotzenburg project and E.ON/Uniper’s Power Station Wilhelmshaven/Wilhelmshaven project) or by applying oxy-fuel technology (Vattenfall’s Power Station Schwarze Pumpe/Spremberg project). In addition, alternative capture technologies have been developed and tested focusing on CO2 capture from industrial emitters. Recent research activities have concentrated on utilization options for captured CO2 streams. The following are examples of pilot projects for carbon capture and storage (CCS) and carbon capture and utilization (CCU).
At the Niederaussem power plant, RWE set up a pilot plant for carbon dioxde (CO2) capture by amine scrubbing from the flue gas of a conventional lignite-fueled 1,000-megawatt power plant unit, in operation since 2009. In addition, the project is investigating utilization of CO2 from flue gases as a feedstock for production of micro-algal biomass. In a first approach, the flue gas was piped directly over a distance of 750 meters to a micro-algae production pilot plant designed to produce up to 6 tonnes of dry algae per year, fixing a maximum of 12 tonnes of CO2. A recent project, AUFWIND, has investigated biomass production using enriched CO2 streams captured at the Niederaussem pilot plant.
Links to more information:
The CEMCAP project is investigating several technological options for carbon dioxide capture from cement plants. The project carries out experimental research on three oxy-fuel cement plant components (burner, calciner, and clinker cooler). The clinker cooler test facility has been set up at Heidelberg Cement’s plant in Hannover. The European Commission has funded CEMCAP since 2015 as part of the Horizon 2020 Programme.
Funded by the European Commission from 2014 to 2017, SCARLET’s main objective was advancing carbon dioxide (CO2) capture using calcium carbonate looping (CCL). To scale up the CCL process to industrial sizes, extensive test series were performed at a 1 megawatt thermal (MWth) CCL pilot plant at Technische Universität (TU) Darmstadt. The CCL pilot plant was established as part of TU Darmstadt’s LISA project (2008–2013) and has since been the core of several national and international research projects on the realization and optimization of the CCL process at industrially relevant scales.
The first European onshore carbon dioxide (CO2) storage project was initiated at the Ketzin pilot site in 2004. Between June 2008 and August 2013, about 67 kilotonnes of CO2 were injected into a saline aquifer at depths of 630 to 650 meters. All project stages were accompanied by continuous research, conducted within the framework of several national and international research projects, to investigate the injection of CO2 and the subsequent propagation of the CO2 plume within the sandstone reservoir. A comprehensive monitoring programme was implemented to address storage safety and reliability. Overall, the Ketzin site demonstrated a safe and reliable CO2 storage operation in an onshore environment. The research storage pilot terminated in 2017.
Recognized by the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) at its Melbourne meeting in September 2004.
The German federal government has supported research and development of carbon dioxide (CO2) capture, transport, and storage technologies since 2000. Research programmes dedicated to carbon capture and storage (CCS) include the Geotechnologien Programme, which supported 33 joint research projects on a wide variety of CO2 storage research topics between 2005 and 2014. The current 6th Energy Research Programme supports research on and technological development of efficient power plants, CO2 capture pilots, and CO2 geological storage. The 7th Energy Research Programme, which is expected to commence in the middle of 2018, will extend research on CCS to carbon capture, utilisation, and storage (CCUS) and carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) in the context of a comprehensive programme supporting the energy transition in Germany. Research related to underground storage in general has been supported by the GEO:N Programme since 2016. In addition, Germany is one of the leading members of the European research programme (ERA-Net) ACT (Accelerating CCS Technologies); its first projects commenced in July 2017. CO2Plus, another programme of the German federal government, supports research into capture and utilisation of CO2. This programme supports applied and industrial joint research projects on the utilisation of CO2, especially for applications in the chemical industry.
Accelerating CCS Technologies initiative
CO2Plus - Substantive use of CO2 to broaden the raw material base
Report of the Federal Government on Energy Research 2017: Research Funding for the Energy Transition
Office of Fossil Energy
U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC 20585 USA