CCS R&D Program in The Netherlands    

The Carbon Capture, Transport and Storage (CATO) R&D program can be regarded as the national research program on CCS in the Netherlands.  The first five-year programme, “CATO-1”, was executed between 2004 and 2009.  The “CATO-2” program is the successor of this first programme and runs from 2009-2014.  The programme is financed by both industry and government and has a total program budget of over 60 MEuro.  It brings together over 35 partners from industry, SME, research institutes, university and NGO’s.  TNO manages the programme.;

The CATO-2 program is a demand-driven R&D program and focuses on facilitating and enabling integrated development.  Industry and government set the priorities within the research program: the “problem owners” are leading, and private CATO partners supply 50% of the budget.  The core of the CATO-2 program (approximately 70 percent of the R&D effort) exists of about 10 working sites, each offering opportunities for applied research on CCS.  The CATO Program Matrix is build from these working sites and general R&D topics on the one hand, and the five subprogram lines on the other:

  • CO2 Capture;
  • Transport and CCS Chain Integration;
  • Subsurface Storage and Monitoring of CO2;
  • Regulation and Safety; and
  • Public Perception. 

The combination of these ingredients covers the entire CCS chain.  The program management organisation takes care of dissemination, and international cooperation.

  • Dutch research institutes, universities and industry participate in many European CCS projects. Examples from Europe’s Seventh Framework programme, running 2007-2013 (Dutch partners in brackets):
  • SITECHAR: improving site characterisation workflows (TNO, ECN)
  • COMET: Integrated infrastructure for CO2 transport in the West-Mediterranean (Utrecht University)
  • RISCS: impacts and safety in CO2 storage (DLO)
  • CO2EUROPIPE: transport infrastructure for large-scale CCS in Europe (TNO, ECN, Gasunie, Stedin, Anthony Veder, E.ON Benelux, CO2 Net BV, Linde gas, Shell, NACAP Benelux)
  • ULTIMATECO2: understanding the long-term fate of geologically stored CO2 (Utrecht University, TNO)
  • CO2CARE: Site closure assessment research (TNO, Shell)
  • NEARCO2: participation and communication strategies (ECN)
  • COCATE: Transportation infrastructure in Europe, taking into account smaller industrial sources (TNO, Rotterdam Harbour)

CCS Project Activities   

Advanced Integrated CCS Projects   

Rotterdam Afvang en Opslag Demo (ROAD) – Maasvlakte, the Netherlands. E.ON Benelux’s power plant at Maasvlakte was retrofitted with a carbon capture pilot plant in 2008.  A full-scale CCS project capturing up to 1.1 Mt/a of CO2 is under development as part of the wider Rotterdam Climate Initiative (RCI).  In December 2009, the European Commission committed €180 million to ROAD, while the Dutch government committed a further €150 million in May 2010.  Recently, the project has tendered the capture plant; for this process, six preliminary studies and two FEED studies were conducted.  In parallel, a technical transport and storage concept was selected, routing studies on the pipeline were completed and a geological field study was conducted.  The ROAD project submitted its “starting note” for the Environmental Impact Assessment in 2010. All major permits are well underway.

CO2 capture pilot plants two CO2 capture pilot plants are running in the Netherlands. The one is a 12 MWth pre-combustion capture at Nuon’s Buggenum ICGG plant. The other is the above-mentioned 0,5 MWth post-combustion capture pilot at E.ON Maasvlakte.

CO2 Hubs and Networks   

The Rotterdam CCS Network in the Netherlands, which is part of the wider Rotterdam Climate Initiative (RCI).  This project is to be linked to the CO2 shipping hub concept being developed by CINTRA in parallel.  Several CO2 emitters in the Rotterdam area are contributing financially to the development of this CCS network concept.

CCS Initiatives   

Local, National and Regional Governmental Initiatives and Programs   

The Northern Netherlands CCS Coalition in the Netherlands, stimulating CCS projects in the northern part of the Netherlands, largely concentrated around the so-called Eemshaven. Projects involved are large-scale power stations and petrochemical plants.