2019 TECHNICAL GROUP ANNUAL MEETING
“Carbon capture and storage [CCS] is a key climate priority for the Norwegian government. Multilateral cooperation and forums like the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum are essential to further advance the development and deployment of CCS at the global level.”
Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) Participation: CSLF Policy Group, Chair of CSLF Technical Group, Chair of Task Force on Offshore Carbon Dioxide Enhanced Oil Recovery (CO2-EOR)
Key Point of Contact: Stig Svenningsen, Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, Norway
Norway has developed a comprehensive program to promote carbon capture and storage (CCS). The program comprises a wide range of activities, including research, development, and demonstration; work on realization of full-scale demonstration facilities; transport; storage; and efforts to promote CCS internationally. The overall aim for the Norwegian policy on CCS is to contribute to develop CCS as a cost-efficient mitigation option globally.
Public funding for CCS has been allocated through CLIMIT, a dedicated research and development (R&D) program for CCS (http://www.climit.no/en) as well as through other research centers focused on CCS. CLIMIT is run in collaboration between state-owned enterprise Gassnova SF and the Research Council of Norway.
The Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM) (http://www.tcmda.com/en/) is an important part of the Norwegian government's engagement on CCS. TCM is one of the world’s largest facilities for testing and improving carbon dioxide (CO2) capture technologies, providing an arena for targeted development, testing, and qualification of CO2 capture technologies on an industrial scale. The project is owned by the Norwegian State (represented by Gassnova SF), Statoil, Shell, and Total.
Public funding dedicated to support R&D has mobilized universities, research institutes, and companies to address CCS in their research activities. As a result, Norway has played an important role in closing knowledge gaps related to CCS.
Two commercial-scale CCS projects already operate on the Norwegian continental shelf. In 1996, the Sleipner project started injecting CO2 below the seabed and over one million tonnes of CO2 have been injected since then. Since 2014, CO2 from natural gas production at the Gudrun field has also been separated out at the Sleipner Vest platform and stored in the Utsira formation.
From 2008, a further 700,000 tonnes of CO2 have been separated and stored annually at the Snøhvit liquefied natural gas plant in the Barents Sea.
Building on Norway's experience in developing CCS, the Norwegian government has an ambition to realize at least one new full-scale industrial CCS demonstration project. It is technically feasible to build a full chain of carbon capture, transport, and storage in Norway. A final investment decision is planned for spring 2019. The goal is to have a new full-scale CCS project running by 2022.
Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum
Member since June 2003
Clean Energy Ministerial
Member since July 2010
Member since November 2015
International Energy Agency
Member since November 1974
This is a pilot-scale project, located at Svelvik, Norway, that will investigate carbon dioxide (CO2) leakage characteristics in a well-controlled and well-characterized permeable geological formation. Relatively small amounts of CO2 will be injected to obtain underground distribution data that resemble leakage at different depths. The resulting underground CO2 distribution will resemble leakages and will be monitored with an extensive set of methods deployed by the project partners. The main objective is to ensure and increase CO2 storage safety by obtaining valuable knowledge about monitoring CO2 migration and leakage. The outcomes from this project will help facilitate commercial deployment of CO2 storage by providing the protocols for ensuring compliance with regulations and will help assure the public about the safety of CO2 storage by demonstrating the performance of monitoring systems.
Recognized by the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) at its Warsaw meeting in October 2010.
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This project, a follow-on to the Sleipner project, involved the monitoring of carbon dioxide (CO2) migration (involving a seismic survey) in a saline formation beneath the North Sea and additional studies to gain further knowledge of geochemistry and dissolution processes. There were also several preliminary feasibility studies for additional geologic settings of future candidate project sites in Denmark, Germany, Norway, and the United Kingdom. The project was successful in developing sound scientific methodologies for the assessment, planning, and long-term monitoring of underground CO2 storage, both onshore and offshore.
Recognized by the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) at its Melbourne meeting in September 2004.
Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM) is one of the world’s largest facilities for testing and improving carbon dioxide (CO2) capture. It started operating in May 2012 and has an annual capacity for handling up to 100,000 tons of CO2. The project is owned by the Norwegian State (represented by Gassnova SF), Statoil, Shell, and Total. TCM currently tests CO2 capture on two types of flue gases using two capture technologies: amine-based and chilled ammonia-based. In addition to flue gas from gas-fired combined heat and power (CHP), the catalytic cracker flue gas makes testing relevant to carbon capture and storage on coal-fired power plants. Other vendors or parties are invited to test their technology in the amine plant. http://www.tcmda.com/en/Technology/New-test-opportunities/. There is also space available to add an additional technology. http://www.tcmda.no/
Recognized by the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) at its London meeting in October 2009.
The Norcem test facility is one of the world’s first pilot plants for capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from a cement plant. The project started in 2013, and four different technologies will be tested: amine-based capture, membranes, solid sorbents, and carbonate looping. An important part of the project is to test if CO2 capture can be performed by spill heat from the cement plant. http://www.zeroco2.no/projects/norcem-cement-plant-in-brevik-norway
Recognized by the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) at its Warsaw meeting in October 2014.
Since 2005, the Norwegian government has funded CLIMIT, a large national program for research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) on technologies for capture, transport, and storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil-based power production and industry. Administered by the Research Council of Norway (CLIMIT R&D) and Gassnova (CLIMIT Demo), CLIMIT funds research, innovation, and technology development from basic research to pilots and demonstrations. By 2017, it has funded more than 260 projects across the entire carbon capture and storage (CCS) value chain, including power generation with CCS; CO2 capture technologies; CO2 compression, transport, and storage; and enhanced oil recovery with CO2.
The Norwegian CCS Research Centre (NCCS) was established in 2016. It is led by the research and development (R&D) institute SINTEF and involves 15 industrial partners and 15 research partners. NCCS will run for 8 years. NCCS is designed to enable fast-track CCS deployment through industry-driven, science-based innovation, addressing the major barriers identified within demonstration and industry projects in Norway and Europe, aiming at becoming a world-leading CCS center. NCCS will build on the Centre for Environment-Friendly Energy Research’s (FME) BIGCCS, which has delivered top-level innovations and significantly helped develop CCS between 2008 and 2016. The Research Council of Norway will provide funding.
Norway is participating in ECCSEL, which is short for European Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Laboratory Infrastructure. The ECCSEL consortium joins selected centers of excellence on CCS research from nine countries across Europe. The mission is to implement and operate a European distributed, integrated research infrastructure initially based on a selection of the best research facilities in Europe for CO2 capture, storage, and transport research. The Norwegian University of Science and Technology is coordinating the project, with SINTEF as another Norwegian partner.
Norway is participating in a European Union European Research Area Network (ERA-NET) cofund within CCS called Accelerating CCS Technologies (ACT) as a new low-carbon energy vector. The Research Council of Norway is the Norwegian partner and is also coordinating the program. A consortium with 10 partners from nine countries was established in 2015.
Ministry of Petroleum and Energy
ZERO (Zero Emission Resource Organisation)
Office of Fossil Energy
U.S. Department of Energy
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC 20585 USA