China's FlagGuided and supported by Chinese government, Chinese enterprises and research institutions have conducted research covering the whole CCUS technology chain and main technology directions in past years. Information on different aspects of China’s CCS commitment can be found below:

China’s Research and Development Program in CCS    

The Chinese government, especially the Ministry of Science and Technology, has invested a significant amount of money on CCUS technology Research and Development, and demonstration in the 12th five-year-plan period (2011–2015), and is looking into continue to support CCUS development in the 13th-five year plan period (2016–2021).

  • During both the 11th five-year-plan period (2006–2010) and the 12th five-year-plan period (2011-2015), China’s National High-tech R&D Program (863) has supported several CCUS R&D projects, covering Post-combustion + CCS, IGCC+CCS; CO2-Microalgea-bio diesel conversion; CO2 mineralization, etc.; China’s National Basic Research Programme (973) has supported theoretical research and pilot study on enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and CO2 capture; National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) has promoted fundamental research on CO2 storage.
  • In 2011, China’s National Key Technology R&D Programme has started to fund two additional CCUS technology demonstration projects, including the 35MWth Oxy-fuel CCS demonstration and the Shenhua 10,000 t/a CO2 storage demonstration; China’s National Basic Research Programme (973) continued its support on theoretical research and pilot study on EOR; China’s National High-tech R&D Program (863) expand its support to GreenGen to demonstrate IGCC+CCS technology at industrial pilot scale.
  • In 2011, with support from the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Administrative Centre for China’s Agenda 21 led "the Study on CCUS Technology Development Roadmap in China. This roadmap assesses the development status of China’s CCUS technology in a systematical manner, proposes the vision and the development goals for the next 20 years of CCUS development in China, identifies the priorities for R&D and demonstration actions in various stages, and makes recommendations on the full-chain deployment of CCUS in China, and policies on its R&D and industrialization. The Administrative Center for China’s Agenda 21 is planning to update this roadmap study in 2016.
  • Initiated in 2011, some Chinese companies and research institutions are preparing to establish a cross sector cooperation platform called China Strategic Alliance on CCUS Technology Innovation. Expected to be established within 2013.
  • In 2013, The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) has set out the “12th Five Year” National Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage Science and Technology Development Special Plan, which suggested, by the end of 12th five-year-plan period, make a breakthrough on a batch of crucial fundamental theory and technology of CCUS, achieve obvious reduction of cost and energy penalty, form the design and integration of million tons CCUS system, construct CCUS system’s research and development platform and innovation base, to build 30-50 million tons/year scale full process integration demonstration system of CO2 capture, utilization and storage.
  • In April 2013, NDRC issued "Notice of NDRC on Promoting Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage Pilot and Demonstration (NDRC Climate [2013] Document No. 849)", which provided primary working tasks for promoting CCUS pilot and demonstration.
  • In 2013, the NDRC planned to develop regional pilot schemes in the municipalities of Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Chongqing, Tianjin, and the provinces of Guangdong and Hubei. The pilot regions are encouraged to design regional regulations, specify the scope of trading and build a registration system and trading platform. The first carbon market in Shenzhen was launched in June 2013,which is the first among seven regional trading platforms to start operating this year or next to help the government decide in 2015 whether to set up a nationwide carbon market.
  • In 2014, the Ministry of Environmental Protection issued the draft environmental risk assessment guidelines for CCUS proejcts for public comments.
  • In the 2014 China-U.S. Presidential Joint Announcement, China made a commitment to develop its first large-scale CCUS demonstration project by 2020, aiming to capture and store 1 million CO2 a year.
  • In the 2015 China-U.S. Presidential Joint Announcement, China selected Yangchang CCUS EOR project for the country’s first large-scale CCUS demonstration project.

CCS Project Activities   

Operational Demonstration and Pilot Projects   

CO2 Capture and EOR Pilot China SINOPEC Shengli Oil Field – Shengli Oil Field, China. This pilot scale test aims to capture CO2 from flue gas at scale of 30,000 t/a and inject the CO2 into an oil reservoir for EOR in low-permeability reservoirs at Shengli Oil Field. The pilot project started operation in mid-2010.

Huaneng Shanghai Shidongkou Power Plant CO2 Capture Project – Baoshan district, Shanghai.  This demonstration project is developed based on the successful 3,000 tonnes per year (t/a) pilot operation in Gaobeidian Thermal Power Plant in Beijing and is the largest coal-fired power plant post-combustion capture unit in the world. More than 100,000 t/a of CO2 can be captured each year, with a purity of more than 99.5 percent that meets the food-grade CO2 product regulations for beverage usage after a refining system processes the captured CO2. Operational since 2010.

Hechuan Shuanghuai Power Plant Carbon Capture – Hechuan, Chongqing, China. The project plant can annually treat 50 million cubic meters (Nm3) of fuel gases, from which 10,000 tons of CO2 with the concentration of over 99.5 percent can be captured. The CO2 capture rate exceeds 95 percent. Operation started January 2010.

Shenhua Group CCS Demonstration Project – Erdos, Inner Mongolia. Studies have shown that the underground area near the Shenhua direct coal liquefaction plant has a saline aquifer that can be used for CO2 geological storage with a single well injecting more than 100,000 t/a of CO2. The CO2 emissions from the Erdos coal gasification hydrogen production center will be captured, purified, and transported to the storage sites by tankers and then injected into the target layer after pressurization. The project started operation in 2011, and ended in 2015. The project has totally injected 300,000 tons of CO2.

Advanced Integrated CCS Projects   

GreenGen IGCC Project – Tianjin, China.  The project is part of the Tianjin Lingang Industrial Zone Circular Economy Plan. GreenGen plans to research, develop and demonstrate a coal-based energy system, with hydrogen production, through the use of coal gasification and electricity generation for widespread uptake of low emissions technology in China.This project aims at capturing 2 Mt/a ofCO2 from a 400 MWe IGCC power plant whose generating efficiency is expected to be 48.4 percent. The project intents to be implemented in three Phases, and at the completion of Phase 3, the CO2 captured is planned to be used for EOR in possible sites nearby. The entire project is expected to be finished in 2016.

Current CCS Pilot-scale Activities   

China CO2 Sequestration and Enhanced Coalbed Methane Recovery Project – Shizhuang, Qinshui County, Shanxi Province. The objective of the project is to develop systems for CO2 sequestration and to enhance CBM recovery in un-mineable deep coal seams. The project is based on previous cooperative projects between the Chinese and Canadian governments (2002-2007). By May 2010, the project had met its goal of 240 tonnes CO2 injection. Operation of the test is ongoing.

Microalgae Bio-Energy and Carbon Sequestration Project – Dalate, Inner Mongolia. Based on successful lab scale pilot, this project will use microalgae to absorb CO2 emitted from the flue gas of a coal-derived methanol and coal derived dimethyl ether production equipment and produce bio-diesel as well as feeds. The planned absorption capacity will be 320,000 tons of CO2 annually. The project began in May 2010.

Dongguan Taiyangzhou IGCC with CCS Project – Dongguan, Guangdong Province. Dongguan Taiyangzhou Power Corporation is in the early phases of planning the construction of a 800 MWe integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant with CCS. The project is regarded as one of the measurements to implement the Reform and Development Plan for the Pearl River Delta, which is endorsed by the State Council. During 2005 to 2010, the Dongguan project received financial support for IGCC R&D from the government's High Technology Development Program.

Lianyungang IGCC with CCS Project – Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province.This project consists of a 1200 MW integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant and 2 x 1300 MW ultra supercriticalpulverised coal power plant. Up to 1 million tonnes per annum of carbon dioxide (CO2) would be captured from the syngas and the ultra supercritical flue gas, with an expectation of 21 – 30 million tonnes over the life time of the project.Captured CO2 will be transported by pipeline, 201km to 250km to Binhai of Yancheng of the Jiangsu Province for injection into deep saline formations or enhanced oil recovery. The plant is expected to be operational by 2016 subject to government approvals.

Daqing Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Project – Daqing, Heilongjiang Province. Proposed capture of carbon dioxide (CO2) at one of two new build 350 Mwe Cogeneration of Heat and Power (CHP) units, using bituminous coal as a feedstock.Around 1 million tonnes per annum of CO2 would be captured at the plant through oxyfuel combustion, an equivalent power output of between 101 – 250 MWe, and a total capture volume of between 21 – 30 million tonnes, within its life time.The CO2 would be transported by pipeline for sequestration in a deep saline formation and used in enhanced oil recovery.Exploration and appraisal for storage site start date are expected in 2015.

Jinlong-CAS CO2 Utilization in Chemical Productions – Taixing, Jiangsu Province. Jiangsu Jinlong-CAS Chemical Co., Ltd. has built a production line to produce 22,000 tons of CO2-based poly (propylene [ethylene] carbonate) annually. The poly (propylene [ethylene] carbonate) polyol is produced using CO2 as a raw material. The CO2 is captured from ethanol plants and total amount of CO2 utilized is about 8,000 t/a. Operational, with expansion lines planned through 2016.

Dongying Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Project – Dongying, Shandong Province.The project intends to build a 1,000 MW power plant in Dongying, Shandong province, and capture 1 Mtpa of CO2 from 2020. The Dongying project will choose one Alstom owned carbon capture process technology from oxy-firing or PCC (chilled ammonia or advanced amine) technologies. Exploration and appraisal of storage site is expected to start in 2020.

Links to CCS-related Information in China   

Executive Summary of Assessment Report on CO2 Utilization Technology
Tackling climate change serves the common interest of the world and has a bearing on China’s future development and Chinese people’s well-being. Among the technologies that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is an emerging one that has the potential to achieve the large-scale use of fossil fuels in a low-carbon manner. This is the executive summary of a larger report, produced by China’s Ministry of Science and Technology, that assesses the potential for CCS in China.

China Climate Change Info-Net 
This English-language Website by the People's Republic of China's Office of National Coordination Committee on Climate Change has climate change information on domestic actions, international news, national communications, meetings and workshops, international cooperation, laws and regulations, and statements and speeches.

Clean Development Mechanism in China 
The CDM Information Platform is an important part of the Sino-Japan ICS-CDM Project. The Platform will provide users in China and abroad with information on CDM projects in China,CERs buyers, consulting agencies and the designated operational entities.

Update on China's Increased Capacity for Carbon Sequestration
Provides the third year update for enhancing China's capacity for Carbon Sequestration.

CCUS Activities in China
This website provides a summary of news and events concerning China’s Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS) activities.

China-E.U. NZEC Project

China-United Kingdom NZEC Project
This is a collaborative project that is intended to enable knowledge transfer and sharing between Chinese and U.K. organizations (i.e., academic, industrial, policy, etc.); model the future energy requirements of China, taking CCS technology into account; perform case studies of potential carbon dioxide capture technologies; build capacity in China for the evaluation of storage potential for CO2; and undertake preliminary screening of potential sites suitable for geological storage of CO2.

NZEC II project
Based on previous success projects on the adoption of carbon capture and storage technology to achieve near-zero emissions, China and the EU will continue to develop and promote the implementation of carbon capture and storage demonstration projects.The main target of the second phase of cooperation (NZEC-II) is divided into two phases: NZEC-IIA and NZEC-IIB. The central task in NZEC-IIA is to conduct a comparative study of potential candidates and select three candidates to carry out a pre-feasibility study, before one project is elected as NZEC-IIB. The main task in NZEC-IIB is to support and assist the company to complete projects detailed investigation, feasibility study and engineering design.

China-Australia Geographic Storage (CAGS)
This project aims to promote the development and practice of science and technology in the field of CO2 geological sequestration both in China and Australia. Through a series of capacity building and research activities, it will boost technological development concerning CO2 geological sequestration in both countries.

Sino-Italy Cooperation on CCS Technology
This program is composed of three main parts: Information exchange and basic research based on existing CCS activities of the two countries, including technical seminars, information exchange, personnel exchange, experience sharing and other activities; Pre-feasibility study with a focus on capture, compression and transportation of CO2 as well as systematic integration, safety, environmental impact, and economic evaluation; and Initial preparation for a joint feasibility study (based on results of the completed pre-feasibility study).

China-E.U. COACH Project
The project aims to strengthen the close cooperation between China and E.U. in the field of CCS, in order to address the growing problems of energy shortage and greenhouse gas emissions. The project has six working groups, with main research topics including the application of carbon capture technology in coal-fired power plants, the assessment of China's CO2 geological storage potential, relevant laws, regulations and financing mechanisms, etc., as well as the activities to raise public awareness and enhance capacity building on CCS.

China-E.U. STRACO2 Project
The STRACO2 Project is designed to support the ongoing development and implementation of a comprehensive regulatory framework in the EU for CCS technologies applications. It also aims at building a basis for EU-China cooperation on CCS. There are five areas of cooperation: define priority areas for S&T development among the identified research topics in the fields of technological application and regulation; promote and strengthen S&T cooperation in the field of CCS within E.U.; study and define major issues which must be considered in developing CCS regulatory framework; compare and study the characteristics of EU regulatory framework and Chinese regulatory agencies, to build a basis for furthering cooperation; and further promote international cooperation between EU and China in the field of CCS.

MOST-IEA CCUS Technical Cooperation
This website summarizes China's Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) cooperative activities with the International Energy Agency, including the Clean Energy Ministerial and the CCUS Action Group under the Clean Energy Ministerial.

The China U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center Advnaced Coal Technology Consoritum
The Advanced Coal Technology consortium addresses technology and practices for advanced coal utilization and carbon capture, utilization, and storage. Joint research is conducted in the following areas: advanced power generation, clean coal conversion technology, pre-combustion capture, post-combustion capture, oxy-combustion capture, CO2 sequestration, CO2 utilization, simulation and assessment, and communication and integration. This consortium is under the leadership of China’s MOST and the U.S. DOE.