Information on different aspects of Greece’s CCS commitment can be found below:
The Centre for Research and Technology Hellas/Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute (CERTH/CPERI) is the National agency responsible for managing CO2 related programmes, participating in a number of CCS projects of the EU Framework Programmes, including ENCAP, FENCO-ERA.NET etc., as well as national CCS R&D projects funded by the Greek Operational Programme “Competitiveness” (2000-2006) such as “CO2 mineralization” (bilateral co-operation with Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) and “Assessment of CO2 geological storage potential in Greece and Czech Republic”. In addition, CERTH/CPERI has been involved in the FP7 project “Research into Impacts and Safety in CO2 Storage” (RISCS), which aims to provide research on environmental impacts to underpin frameworks for the safe management of CO2 storage sites. The CO2 storage capacity of the Greek hydrocarbon fields and deep saline aquifers has been estimated under the EU GeoCapacity project providing opportunities for CCS implementation. Other CCS related projects where CERTH/CPERI has been an active partner were “GEOMECS” (GEOMechanics and Environment of CO2 geological Storage), a project dedicated to increasing the understanding of the long-term fate of stored CO2 and to the study of the mechanisms of leakage through the cap rock and the well. Furthermore another EU funded project with the involvement of CERTH/CPERI was named “R&DIALOGUE”, (http://www.rndialogue.eu/) which goal was to improve the dialogue on how to achieve a low-carbon society. A dialogue between research and civil society communities aiming at contributing to a joint vision towards a low-carbon society in Europe. Other completed projects on CCS include “Underground Coal Gasification and CO2 Storage” (UCG&CO2 Storage - RFCS funded) and European Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Laboratory Infrastructure Preparatory Phase Project” (ECCSEL - FP7 funded project) and “NOVEL Technologies on the Implementation of CCS”. The last one contributed greatly in bringing forward CCS as an operational and economically viable technology in Greece by implementing geological modeling activities in EOR with the cooperation of Energean Oil company. Other Institutes that have carried out research work on CCS are the Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration (IGME) and the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) that were involved in several EU projects.
CERTH/CPERI is currently involved in a 2 year ECCSEL H2020 INFRADEV-3 Project, which enables high-ranking researchers and scientists from all regions of Europe (and beyond) to access state-of-the-art research facilities in order to conduct advanced technological research relevant to CCS enabling, thus, low to zero CO2 emissions from industry and power generation to combat global climate change. Other initiatives and projects in which CERTH/CPERI is currently participating include ACT ERANET Programme and COAL2GAS project. ACT, meaning “Accelerating CCS Technologies”, is composed of ten partners and corresponds to a European initiative to establish CO2 capture and storage (CCS) as a tool to combat global warming. The aim of ACT is to fund research and innovation projects that can lead to safe and cost effective technology. Additionally COAL2GAS, corresponds to a project with a consortium consisting of 8 research performing partners from Romania, Germany, Poland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Greece and Slovenia. COAL2GAS is addressing underground gasification of lignite seams in order to increase the level of utilization of abandoned reserves by combining a well-known but still not mature technology (UCG) under special conditions, i.e. lignite resources in previously active conventional mining areas.
Within the framework of a contract with Public Power Corporation S.A. (PPC) CERTH/CPERI has completed a techno economic study related to the feasibility of a CCS demo project in Northern Greece. Finally, taking into account the high fossil fuel dependency of the national electricity generation mix CCS-related R&D activities are included as a high priority research topic in the Greek National Energy Programme 2014-2020. CERTH/CPERI represents the Greek government in international organizations and European Committees, such as in the United Nations, Committee of Energy of European Committee, International Energy Agency, and Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum, the European Technology Platform for Zero Emissions Power Plants (ETP ZEPP), etc.
The Ministry of Environment and Energy, as the main authority responsible to coordinate the CCS Directive transposition, has adopted the EC Directive on CO2 storage.Technology providers, private energy companies and other industrial players have at times expressed an interest in CCS, but this interest has yet to culminate into a concrete project.
PPC, which currently operates most large energy emission points within Greece, has an ambiguous stance regarding the application of CCS. Although the company is following all technological developments, it has published no concrete plans regarding the application of CCS in one of its current or projected units and has not indicated an intention to be part of any project foreseeing the application of CCS in one of its units. The Minister of Environment has commented in a press conference that the solution of CCS application is a hard endeavor, ‘especially for a seismogenous country as Greece’ adding that it would be a mistake ‘if we merely store emissions thus perpetuating the same developmental model (http://news.pathfinder.gr/greece/news/643606.html). Reference: Bellona report: “A Bridge to a Greener Greece: A Realistic Assessment of CCS Potential,” 2010
Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH) is a legal, non-profit entity, under the auspices of the General Secretariat for Research and Technology of the Greek Ministry of Development. Chemical Process and Energy Resources Institute (CPERI) is one of the pillar Institutes of CERTH, and was formed by the merger of the Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute (CPERI) and the Institute for Solid Fuels Technology and Applications (ISFTA). CERTH/CPERI in its broader form, is, among others, the main Greek organisation for the promotion of research and technological development aiming at the improved and integrated exploitation of solid fuels and their by-products.