South Africa joined the CSLF during 2003 driven by its interest to include carbon capture and storage amongst the technologies that could address mitigation of emissions that could affect climate change. To this end, a number of activities have already been undertaken. Information on different aspects of South Africa’s CCS commitment can be found below:
South Africa’s R&D Programme in CCS
South Africa is investigating CCS for GHG emission mitigation as a transition measure until renewable, gas and nuclear energies can play a greater part in the South African energy economy. In order to develop capacity, both human and technical, in this relatively new field, a Centre for Carbon Capture and Storage commenced operations 30 March 2009, within the South African National Energy Development Institute. The Centre was officially launched during a CCS week held during September/October 2009. The Centre is a private/international/public partnership and financed from local industry, SANEDI, government, and international sources.
The South African Government has mandated the development of CCS in South Africa via the following:
- CCS is a component of the Long Term Mitigation Scenarios;
- CCS is one of South Africa’s eight Near-term Priority Flagship Programmes of the National Climate Change Response White Paper (October 2011) that looks to address both greenhouse gas mitigation and climate change adaptation;
- Cabinet endorsed the South African CCS Road Map (May 2013); and
- CCS is included in the National Development Plan 2030.
The Atlas on Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide in South Africa was launched in September 2010, followed soon thereafter by a detailed technical report. Since then, preparations have been underway for a Pilot CO2 Storage Project with the site exploration stage scheduled to commence with seismic surveys during the first quarter 2017. Stakeholder engagement is in an advanced stage, the first phase being completed. The CCS bursary programme continues as does other associated CCS research, for example the implications for CCS of the impending Carbon Tax.